放權讓利英文decentralization of power and transfer of profits
- 放: releaseset freelet go
- 權: Ⅰ名詞1 [書面語] （秤錘） counterpoise; weight （of a steelyard）2 （權力） power; authority 3 （...
- 讓: Ⅰ動詞1 （把方便或好處給別人） give way; give ground; yield; give up 2 （請人接受招待） invite; of...
Looking back on the reform, we found successful fields always related to full exertion of employee enthusiasm
In the process of the development from planned economic system to market economic system, though our state - owned enterprises have experienced the trial reformation of enlarging rights and allowing profits, changing profits to taxes, managing contract and rent, they have not shaken off the hard situation
The theory of reform has been keeping developing and perfecting after the reform of state - owned enterprises started at 1979. but in the following ten years, the development of this theory has n ' t overstepped the traditional franiet which favours allowing enterprises to have more autonomy and profit retention and separating the government from controlling the funds. the state - owned enterprises are still short of energy
1979年揭開了國有企業改革的序幕，此後改革的理論就一直處于不斷地發展和完善之中，但隨后的十幾年，理論的發展始終沒有超脫出傳統的「放權讓利」 、 「政企分開」的框架，國有企業仍然是事實上的沒有搞活。
From the reform of the gross economy mechanism in 1981, the reform of state - owned enterprises had taken measures of allowing enterprises to have more autonomy and profit retention, substitution of tax payment for profit delivery, contract with and tenancy enterprises. the key is adjusting the residual claimancy proportions between state and enterprises and expanding the range of enterprises operators " autonomy
For reasons, howevet, it is unsuccessful. started form its " history currelltcondition, the pape studies the main problems of the stae - owned enterprises andits reasons, and considers deeply the reform of chinese state - owned enterpses inthe near futuf. this paper includes three parts. the flrst pat introduces simply the five stages of the reform of the state - ownedenterprises