- 格: 格象聲詞rattle; gurgle
- 狀: Ⅰ名詞1 （形狀） form; shape 2 （情況） state; condition; situation; circumstances 3 （陳述事件或...
- 剪: Ⅰ名詞1 （剪刀） scissors; shears; clippers2 （姓氏） a surname Ⅱ動詞1 （用剪刀等使細的或薄片的東...
- 切: 切Ⅰ動詞1 （合; 符合） correspond to; be close to 2 （用在反切后頭 表示前兩個字是注音用的反切）見 ...
Influence of shear loads on fissure permeability
On the backgrounds of researches inside and outside country, and cooperating experiments with theories analyses, the influence of different processing technology parameters and different sbs modifier sorts on the sbs modified asphalts " properties has been studied. at the same time, their microstructure are observed through fluorescence optical microscopy and scanning electronic microscopy, thus to direct modified asphalt production. on the above conclusion ' s basement, analysing some disadvantages of the storage stability test of sbs modified asphalt in the current specification, a new storage stability test apparatus is developed
本文在參考國內外研究的基礎上，採用理論、試驗相結合的方法，研究加工工藝參數以及改性劑種類等對sbs改性瀝青性能的影響，並通過熒光顯微鏡、掃描電鏡分析其微觀形態，從而指導sbs改性瀝青的生產；在此基礎上，分析我國現行規范用來評價sbs改性瀝青儲存穩定性方面的不足，開發了新的試驗儀，根據動態剪切流變試驗結果和微觀狀態分析，提出一個新的指標? ?離析率r _ s來評價sbs改性瀝青的儲存穩定性；最後，針對不穩定的改性瀝青提出改善措施，研究證明摻加增容劑和穩定劑是行之有效的方法。
The results indicated that the dimension, shape and purity of base material could meet the functional demand of solid lubricant ; the thermal decomposition temperature of ptfe resin exceeds 400 c, but organic and inorganic packing filler added in ptfe made the water absorption rate of composite material increased, melting temperature and decomposition temperature decreased, in the meanwhile oxidative decomposition reaction was accompanied ; polar groups such as c = o, c - o - c and so on in the carbon fiber surface is advantageous to increase compatibility with other components and interlayer shearing strength ; uniform design experimental method could help to find the relationship between formula and frictional property by relatively small tests. the developing trend of each formula ' s friction coefficient could be showed by fitting curve ; the friction coefficient with no copper powder or graphite in formula was relatively big. this fact showed that copper powder and graphite should be used cooperatively ; it was found that when the ratio of copper powder to graphite by weight is 15 : 60, 30 : 30 - 40 and 60 : 15 - 30 respectively, the friction coefficient was relatively small. the degree of crystallinity of pure ptfe reached maximum by air cooling and the abrasion loss also reached maximum among three ones ; at the same time, the abrasion loss of solid lubricant sample was also the biggest among three ones ; when solid lubricant matched with 45 # steel axle or gcrl5 steel axle, lubricant transfer film could be formed on metal surface, thus direct contact between the surface of metal friction pair rings was reduced. their working life was elongated extremely ; there was mainly much graphite, a little ptff, moo3, feso4, cus and so on in lubricant transfer film
試驗結果表明：所選原料的尺寸、形狀及純度可滿足固體潤滑劑的性能要求；聚四氟乙烯樹脂熱分解溫度超過400 ，但在ptfe中加入無機填料會使復合材料吸水率提高，熔融溫度及分解溫度降低，且伴有氧化分解反應；碳纖維表面含有c = o及c - o - c等極性基團，有利於提高其與其它組分的相容性，提高層間剪切強度；均勻設計試驗方法能夠用較少的試驗次數找出配方與摩擦性能間的關系，擬合曲線基本能表示各配方的摩擦系數發展趨勢；配方中不加銅粉或不加石墨，其摩擦系數均較高，說明銅粉和石墨應該配合使用；當銅粉15份、石墨60份時，銅粉30份、石墨30 - 40份時，銅粉60 、石墨15 - 30份時，摩擦系數均具有較低值；純聚四氟乙烯樹脂在空氣冷卻時結晶度最大，磨損量也是三者中最大的；同時，固體潤滑劑試樣在空氣冷卻時的磨損量也是三者中最大的：不論是固體潤滑劑與45 #鋼軸配副或是固體潤滑劑鑲嵌入銅套后與gcr15鋼軸配副，在金屬表面均可形成潤滑轉移膜，從而減少金屬摩擦副表面間的直接接觸，大大延長其使用壽命;轉移膜中主要含有較多的石墨、少量聚四氟乙烯、 moo 。
The following conclusions are gained : ( 1 ) the located shear band prongs the ligament near the top crack tip and the structure may occur shear - mode fracture at the angle of 155 ? to crack when load is 87. 92mpa ; the mode of fracture of the flange joint structure is not possible to be void - mode ; ( 2 ) it is proved that loading and then unloading repeatedly can not increase the possibility of invalidation of the structure when the times of loading and unloading are not too more when load is operating pressure ; the structure is safe when the vessel is operating ; ( 3 ) in the fe model of the thesis, not considering the influence of water pressure test which is in the process of fabrication of vessel in fe results in larger deviation in analysi
得出了以下結論：在8792mpa的載荷下筒體一封頭連接結構處的集中剪切帶貫穿韌帶，可能發生沿與原裂紋線成155 「角方向剪切型斷裂；筒體一封頭連接結構不可能發生韌窩型斷裂； （ 2 ）在工作壓力下進行次數不多的反復加、卸載，結構不會破壞，也不會喪失安定性：結構在工作狀態下是安全的； m在本文的彈塑性有限元模擬計算中，對于裂紋尖端進行力學分析時，不考慮壓力容器製造過程中水壓試驗的影響，將導致計算結果出現較大的偏差； （ 4 ）筒體完全屈服時的載荷為92石3mpa ，封頭完全屈服時載荷為86
Abstract : based on the data obtained from field observations and deformation monitoring, this paper deals with the deformation and failure of a double - decked slope composed of soft rock strata in its lower part and hard - brittle rock strata in its upper part. it is demonstrated that the deformation of this kind of slopes is always initiated by the non - homogeneous rheological compression of the lower soft rock strata, leading to the tension fracture and toppling of the upper hard rock strata, and at last the sliding of the whole deformed body will be caused by the shear failure along the stress - concentration zone in the lower soft rock mass under the actions of the gravitational loading and infiltration water