liability of towage中文意思是什麼

liability of towage解釋
拖帶責任

  • liability: n. 1. 責任,義務。2. 〈pl. 〉 負債,債務 (opp. assets). 3. 傾向;易於…的傾向[性質]。4. 不利條件。
  • of: OF =Old French 古法語。
  • towage: n. 牽引;拖船;拖船費。

※英文詞彙liability of towage在字典百科英英字典中的解釋。

  1. Where, by a peril insured against, the voyage is interrupted at an intermediate port or place, under such circumstances as, apart from any special stipulation in the contract of affreightment, to justify the master in landing and re - shipping the goods or other movables, or in transshipping them, and sending them on to their destination, the liability of the insurer continues notwithstanding the landing or transshipment

    如果由於承保危險使航程在中途港或中途某地中斷,除了運輸合同中的任何特殊規定之外,在船長有將貨物或其他動產卸下及重裝,或轉船運往其目的港的正當理由的情況下,保險人應繼續承擔責任,盡管發生了該卸岸或轉運。
  2. Nevertheless, when the destruction, loss, damage or delay of a part of the checked baggage or cargo, or of an object contained therein, affects the value of other packages covered by the same baggage check or the same air waybill, the total weight of such package or packages shall also be taken into consideration in determining the limit of liability of the carrier

    但是,因托運行李或者貨物的一部分或者托運行李、貨物中的任何物件的毀滅、遺失、損壞或者延誤,影響同一份行李票或者同一份航空貨運單所列其他包件的價值的,確定承運人的賠償責任限額時,此種包件的總重量也應當考慮在內。
  3. The structure of this paper goes like this, the first chapter introduce the development of e - b / l in practice and in laws. and draw a conclution that the electrification of the b / l is a history tide. in the second chapter, on the basic of reseach the security trap in e - b / l running, 1 conclude six security elements of, e - b / l : the liability of the system, the authenticity of dealers ' identity. the integrity and secrecy of electronic data, and the validity and evidence effectiveness of electronic data. from the third chapter to the eighth, 1 reseach these elements one by one. the third chapter introduce the establishment of the e - b / l security system, and some related laws the fourth chapter introduce the certification authority of e - b / l. in the fifth chapter, 1 introduce the encrypt of electronic information and some countries ' control on use / import / export crytography. the sixth chapter introduce the concept and principle of digital signature, and reseach some related legal issues. the seventh chapter reseach the legal demand of validity, then come to a conclution that to establish a independent electronic information system is necessary. in the eighth chapter, 1 reseach some countries " regulation on the evidence effectiveness of electronic data

    第二章在分析電子提單運作中的安全隱患的基礎上,歸納出其六大安全要素,即系統的可靠性、交易者身份的真實性、數據電訊的機密性和完整性、數據電訊的合法有效性以及交易者行為的不可抵賴性。第三章到第八章分別對這六大要素進行分析:第三章介紹了電子提單網路安全體系的建立以及系統安全保護法規,第四章則介紹了電子提單的安全認證機構,第五章介紹了信息加密技術以及各國立法對密碼技術的進出口及使用的控制,第六章介紹了數字簽名的概念及原理,並以bolero為例介紹了數字簽名的技術方式,對有關法律問題作了論述;第七章首先論述了電子提單對有效性的法律需求,然後結合國內法和國際規則的規定論證了數據電訊制度產生的必然性;第八章通過對各國立法對電子證據的法律效力的規定,論述了對電子交易至關重要的數據電訊的不可抵賴性。
  4. Thus, the liability of compensation of the party confronted with the force majeure can be exempted

    如此,此遇到不可抗力影響的一方的賠償責任即可被免除。
  5. A study on civil liability of portfolio investment funds

    以信託型基金為基點的分析
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