空間效應常數 的英文怎麼說中文拼音 [kōngjiānxiàoyīngchángshǔ]
空間效應常數 英文taft steric parameter
- 空 : 空Ⅰ形容詞（不包含什麼; 裏面沒有東西或沒有內容; 不切實際的） empty; hollow; void Ⅱ名詞1 （天空） s...
- 間 : 間Ⅰ名詞1 （中間） between; among 2 （一定的空間或時間里） with a definite time or space 3 （一間...
- 效 : Ⅰ名詞（效果; 功用） effect; efficiency; result Ⅱ動詞1 （仿效） imitate; follow the example of 2 ...
- 應 : 應動詞1 （回答） answer; respond to; echo 2 （滿足要求） comply with; grant 3 （順應; 適應） suit...
- 數 : 數副詞（屢次） frequently; repeatedly
- 空間 : space; enclosure; room; blank; interspace
- 效應 : [物理學] effect; action; influence
For this purpos, from the point of the log geology, aimed at the actuality of the current fractured reservoir log geology interpretation and evaluation, based on synthetical analysis of the current domestic and foreign fruit of fractal dimension investigation of reservoir fracture, using the method and technique of fractal dimension, through the further discussion of the fractal dimension characteristics of m index and n index in the log interpretation archie model in a sample way and through the theoretic reasoning to the fractal dimension dfa and m index of fractured reservoir interval ' s log curve, according to the geophysical signification of the fractal dimension dfa of fractured reservoir interval ' s log curve shape : the more complicated the change of the curve shape is, the larger the its dfa value is, then the more complicated space structure of fracture and pore, then the higher value of m index of space structure of fracture and pore, and so on, the text propounds an improved method, based on box dimension, of covering log curve with scale grid, and by programming computes the dfa and its m index value of fractured reservoir interval ' s log curve, for instance, ac and rt curve, ect, then further puts this technique into application investigation, and makes analysis of application effects in the reservoirs located in l area of qx oil field from three aspects : 1. the dfa and its m index value of fractured reservoir interval ' s log curve, for instance, ac and rt curve, ect, which are derived from computing, is used to identify reservoir type by crossplotting m index with the product df _ acrt of fractal dimension of acoustical wave log curve and restivity log curve and by experiential discriminance plate of reservoir type in l area of qx oil field
因此，對該區裂縫性儲集層的類型識別、孔滲特徵的測井地質解釋以及儲層裂縫的發育和分佈規律進行深入的研究便成為本文研究的出發點。為此，本文從測井地質的角度，針對當前裂縫性儲層測井地質解釋與評價的現狀，在綜合分析當前國內外儲層裂縫的分形分維研究成果的基礎上，利用分形分維方法和技術，通過對archie測井解釋模型中的m指數、 n指數的分形分維特性的深入淺出的論述以及裂縫性儲層段測井曲線分維d _ （ fa ）與m指數的理論推導，根據裂縫性儲層測井曲線形態分維值的地球物理意義? ?曲線變化越復雜，則其分維值d _ （ fa ）越大、裂縫孔隙空間結構越復雜、裂縫孔隙空間結構指數m值越高等特徵，提出了改進的基於盒維數的測井曲線網格覆蓋法，編程計算了裂縫性儲層段常規測井曲線（如聲波和電阻率曲線）上分形分維值及其m指數值，進而從以下三個方面對qx油田l區塊的裂縫油藏進行應用研究，效果十分理想： 1將計算得到的可變的m指數與聲波和電阻率分維之積df _ acrt進行交繪，採用儲層分維值分類技術統計分析這些參數變化的規律，並結合qx油田l區塊儲層類型經驗判別圖版，從而實現qx油田l區塊下白堊統的裂縫性儲層的類型識別。The asteroids are the most important small bodies in the solarsystem, and they mainly lies in the two locations - a main belt between the mars ' s orbit and the jupiter ' s and the near - earth space. the most feature of the orbits of near - earth asteroids ( neas ) is that the semi - major axes of the orbits are nearly equal to that of the earth or the perihelia distances are approximate to or even less than the mean distance between the sun and the earth, thus they could move into inside of the earth ' s orbit, so that they might close approach or even colliside with the earth ( or other planets, such as the venus, the mars, etc. ). the characteristic brings about some difficulties in the numerical research during their orbital evolution, which leads to the failure of the normalization technique in the general removal impact singularities of celestial mechanics methods and the symplectic algorithm which is successfully applied to the investigation in quality. by comparing the computation effects of several common numerical methods ( including symplectic algorithm ), and considering the nature of the movement of the small bodies, the corresponding treatments are provided here to improve the reliability of the computation
小行星是太陽系最重要的一類小天體，主要分佈在兩個區域；火星和木星軌道之間的一條主帶和近地空間.近地小行星軌道的最大特點是其軌道半長徑與地球軌道半長徑相近，或近日距離接近甚至小於日地平均距離，其運動可深入到地球軌道的內部，這將導致該類小行星與地球（還有金星、火星等）十分靠近甚至發生碰撞.這一特徵給其軌道演化數值研究帶來一些困難，包括天體力學方法中一般消除碰撞奇點的正規化處理以及對定性研究十分成功的辛演算法都將在不同程度上失效.通過對幾種常用數值方法（包括辛演算法）計算效果的比較，根據小天體運動自身的特性，給出了相應處理措施，從而可提高計算結果的可靠性A simply and analytical formula of the axial light intensity distribution behind a circular aperture is derived by using the helmhotz - kirchhoff integral theorem and the kirchhoff ' s boundary conditions. it is studied the nonparaxial on - axis intensity distribution throughout the whole space behind a circular aperture. an accurate formula to calculate the fresnel number of circular aperture is presented and the validity of usual fresnel number formula is reexamined. by using the analytical formula and diffraction integral formula, some numerical simulation comparisons are done, and it is shown that the results of the two methods are completely coincident
用亥姆霍茲-基爾霍夫積分定理和基爾霍夫邊界條件，推導出了平面波經小圓孔非傍軸衍射時軸上強度的簡單解析表達式，研究了平面波經小圓孔后整個衍射空間非傍軸的軸上光強分佈.給出了計算圓孔菲涅爾數的精確公式，重新檢查了通常的菲涅爾數公式的有效性.數值計算顯示，應用解析表達式所得的結果與應用衍射積分公式所得的結果完全一致Abstract : biological invasions are a continuous feature of a non - equilibrium world, ever more so as a result of accidental and deliberate introductions by mankind. while many of these introductions are apparently harmless, others have significant consequences for organisms native to the invaded range, and entire communities may be affected. here we provide a survey of common models of range expansion, and outline the consequences these models have for patterns in genetic diversity and population structure. we describe how patterns of genetic diversity at a range of markers can be used to infer invasion routes, and to reveal the roles of selection and drift in shaping population genetic patterns that accompany range expansion. we summarise a growing range of population genetic techniques that allow large changes in population size ( bottlenecks and population expansions ) to be inferred over a range of timescales. finally, we illustrate some of the approaches described using data for a suite of invasions by oak gallwasps ( hymenoptera, cynipidae, cynipini ) in europe. we show that over timescales ranging from 500 10000 years, allele frequency data for polymorphic allozymes reveal ( a ) a consistent loss of genetic diversity along invasion routes, confirming the role of glacial refugia as centres of genetic diversity over these timescales, and ( b ) that populations in the invaded range are more subdivided genetically than those in the native range of each species. this spatial variation in population structure may be the result of variation in the patchiness of resources exploited by gallwasps, particularly host oak plants
文摘:生物入侵是不均衡世界的一個永恆話題，尤其是當人類有意或無意地引入物種后.很多引入顯然是無害的，但另外一些則有著嚴重的後果，會給入侵地的生物以至於整個生物群落造成影響.本文總結了分佈區擴張的常見模式，概述了它們對遺傳多樣性和種群結構式樣所造成的影響.描述了如何根據以一批遺傳標記所得到的遺傳多樣性式樣來推斷入侵途徑，來揭示伴隨擴張選擇和漂變在形成種群遺傳樣式中的作用.本文對日益增多的群體遺傳學方法進行了總結，這些技術可以用來在不同的時間尺度上推斷種群規模所發生的巨大變化（瓶頸效應及種群擴張） .最後，我們以歐洲櫟癭蜂（膜翅目，癭蜂科，癭蜂族）一系列入侵的數據為例對一些方法進行了說明.從500 10000年的時間尺度上，多態的等位酶位點上等位基因頻率的數據表明: 1 ）遺傳多樣性沿入侵路線呈不斷下降的趨勢，支持了冰河期避難所作為遺傳多樣性中心的作用; 2 ）入侵地區的種群與該物種原產地的種群相比，遺傳上的分化更為強烈.這種種群結構在空間上的變異可能是被櫟癭蜂開發的資源尤其是櫟樹寄主在斑塊上出現變異的反映Afterwards, in order to decrease the contradiction between the more complex and mass remote sensing image data and relatively slow speed of information extraction, an improved sfim image fusion method is proposed. this modified algorithm is on the base of sfim fusion technique, combines ihs method and sfim method and then replaces the former mean filter by an adaptive weighted mean filter. compared with the results of several common fusion techniques through a set of simulation tests between multispectral images and panchromatic images, it is proved that the new method can get an excellent result for the aim of improving spatial resolution while preserving the spectral information of multispectral images
論文的主要工作和成果包括：在像素層，論文研究了多傳感器數據融合理論及遙感圖像預處理的過程和步驟，歸納了多源遙感圖像像素層融合的常用演算法，並針對目前遙感數據呈海量化、復雜化這一發展趨勢同遙感信息提取的能力和效率滯后這一矛盾，在sfim演算法的基礎上，將ihs變換與sfim相結合，將原演算法中的均值濾波器改進為自適應加權均值濾波器，提出了一種改進的sfim演算法，通過對一組多光譜圖像和全色圖像的雙傳感器融合模擬對比試驗，證明了該演算法在保持原多光譜圖像光譜信息的同時，能夠有效提高融合圖像的空間分辨能力。It realized the spatial interpolation software grounded on geostatistics seamlesslly integrated with the system using the way of oop and the technology of ole / activex based on com. using vector - grid spatial - overlap analysis to solve the limitation of the grid and general vector data structure in the course of creating prescription, it made fertilizer prescription founded on the main factor of soil nutrient and yield - target. also it effectively integrated comgis with exper t system using the technique of loose coupling
以面向對象的設計方法為基礎，利用「組件對象模型」基礎上ole / activex技術實現基於地統計學的空間插值軟體實現及與施肥處方系統的無縫集成；應用基於矢量網格的空間疊加分析方法解決柵格和常規矢量數據結構在處方生成中的局限，生成了基於土壤養分和目標產量為主要因素的施肥處方；利用鬆散耦合技術將comgis與施肥專家系統進行有效集成；充分考慮施肥機對施肥處方數據結構要求，在wgs - 84坐標系下採用具有柵格單元的矢量施肥處方。When a cluster of particles is immersed in a uniform electric field, the particles are coupled together due to the mutual interaction among them. this interaction causes the dipole moment of the cluster to be dependent upon the spatial arrangement and relative permittivity of the particles and upon the cluster size. in this work, we attempt to estimate the dipole moment of finite cubic arrays of particles, in terms of that of particle chains which has been known. we assume that a chain may be replaced by a single equivalent sphere with the same dipole moment. with replacing the chain by equivalent sphere, a cluster is simplified to a planar array, and this planar array is simplified to a chain, then the dipole moment is obtained. numerical calculations are performed. it is found that our results are acceptable
置於均勻電場中的一簇球形顆粒，由於其內部的相互作用而耦合在一起.這致使簇的感應偶極矩與簇的幾何結構，大小以及顆粒的介電常數等參量有關.試圖通過已知的鏈的偶極矩確定任意大小長方結構的簇的偶極矩.假定顆粒鏈可以被具有同樣偶極矩的一個等效介質球代替，並將具有空間結構的顆粒簇處理成面結構簇，再將面結構簡化成一個顆粒鏈，從而確定簇的偶極矩.在這一過程中，通過不斷增加等效球的尺寸，將顆粒間的相互作用包含在簇的偶極矩中.數值分析了立方結構簇的偶極矩，結果是可接受的Abstract : when a cluster of particles is immersed in a uniform electric field, the particles are coupled together due to the mutual interaction among them. this interaction causes the dipole moment of the cluster to be dependent upon the spatial arrangement and relative permittivity of the particles and upon the cluster size. in this work, we attempt to estimate the dipole moment of finite cubic arrays of particles, in terms of that of particle chains which has been known. we assume that a chain may be replaced by a single equivalent sphere with the same dipole moment. with replacing the chain by equivalent sphere, a cluster is simplified to a planar array, and this planar array is simplified to a chain, then the dipole moment is obtained. numerical calculations are performed. it is found that our results are acceptable
文摘:置於均勻電場中的一簇球形顆粒，由於其內部的相互作用而耦合在一起.這致使簇的感應偶極矩與簇的幾何結構，大小以及顆粒的介電常數等參量有關.試圖通過已知的鏈的偶極矩確定任意大小長方結構的簇的偶極矩.假定顆粒鏈可以被具有同樣偶極矩的一個等效介質球代替，並將具有空間結構的顆粒簇處理成面結構簇，再將面結構簡化成一個顆粒鏈，從而確定簇的偶極矩.在這一過程中，通過不斷增加等效球的尺寸，將顆粒間的相互作用包含在簇的偶極矩中.數值分析了立方結構簇的偶極矩，結果是可接受的In the design optimization of space equipment satellite systems, there are lots of discrete and integer design variables, the design space is nonconvex and even disjointed, and has multimodality. unfortunately, current mdo procedures or strategies have difficulty to deal with discrete or integer design variables, they are very sensitive to complex design space, have propensity to converge to local optima near the starting point, and can not handle multiple objectives effectively. to overcome these difficulties, this dissertation adopt the idea of coevolution to systematically develop new multidisciplinary design optimization methods based on decomposition and coordination
論文以航天裝備體系及其它復雜飛行器系統的多學科設計優化（ multidisciplinarydesignoptimization ，簡稱mdo ）為應用背景，針對航天裝備衛星系統設計中存在大量離散和整數設計變量、設計空間非凸和不連通、具有多個局部最優點等特點和現有mdo方法過程難以處理離散和整數變量、對復雜設計空間非常敏感、易於陷入局部最優、不能有效處理多目標等缺陷，採用協同進化的思想，系統地進行基於分解協調的mdo方法研究。分享友人