消極股東 的英文怎麼說中文拼音 [xiāojígǔdōng]
消極股東 英文passive shareholder
- 消 : 動詞1 （消失） disappear; vanish 2 （使消失; 消除） eliminate; dispel; remove 3 （度過; 消遣） pa...
- 極 : i 名詞1 （頂點; 盡頭） the utmost point; extreme 2 （地球的南北兩端; 磁體的兩端; 電源或電器上電流...
- 股 : Ⅰ名詞1 （大腿） thigh; haunches 2 （機關、企業、團體中的組織單位） section of an office or enterp...
- 消極 : 1. （否定的; 反面的） negative 2. （不求進取的; 消沉的） passive; inactive
- 股東 : shareholder; stockholder
Based on the analysis, it is concluded that the congruous contract between the managers and the manipulative stockholders, shielding of the cpas, the banks and the local government, the passive supervision of the government and the defective corporate governing framework set off accounting fraud of listed companies. at last, it introduces six countermeasures which concern law, regulation, institution building and political institution reform
本文得出結論:大股東與經營者的和謀、注冊會計師（會計師事務所） 、銀行和地方政府對上市公司舞弊者舞弊行為的包庇、政府監管部門的消極監管和上市公司治理結構的缺陷是引發上市公司會計舞弊問題的根本原因，並據此從法律、法規、制度建設、政治體制改革等六個方面提出了治理上市公司會計舞弊的相關建議。Firstly, some basic concepts are not clear, such as what is the status of the company under liquidation, how to define the action of the industrial - commercial authority ' s invalidation of the license of the company, whether or not the share holders can sue to disincorporate the company, is it legal to dissolve a company without liquidation, what is special liquidation, under what situation will a company be obliged to disincorporate, who will be responsible for liquidation after the dis incorporation, etc. secondly, some primary legislative principles about disincorporation and liquidation that are adopted in foreign countries are not established in china, such as a company must be liquidated before disincorporation except for acquisition, the company remains valid during the liquidation until it finishes the invalidation registration, an ordinary liquidation must be replaced by a special liquidation under the instruction of the court when there is an impediment or a fraud, the company should apply to the court for bankruptcy when it is found that its debt is over its asset during the liquidation, the number of people execute liquidation can be several or just one, companies applied for annulment shall be judged by the court and must be liquidated, etc. thirdly, china does n ' t have some of the fundamental rules that are specified in the laws of foreign countries, such as the rule of disincorporation registration, the rule that the company should sue to let the court judge for disincorporation if there is a deadlock between share holders, the rule of credit trade - off in special liquidation, the rule that people who execute the liquidation are jointly responsible for compensating the loss of the third party caused by their activities that are illegal or vicious, the rule of special liquidation, the rule of the representation of the people who execute the liquidation, the rule of the court supervising the liquidation in an inactive way, the rule of how long the accounts and documents should be kept after disincorporation, etc. because of the lack in research and legislation, the system for companies leaving the market is highly disorganized, which harmed the interest of the creditors and relevant people, increased the risk of market exchange, damaged the order of the market economy and the ethic of doing business, wasted the resources of the society, and impaired the authority and seriousness of the law
再次，國外立法上的一些基本制度我國沒有，如解散登記制度，股東出現僵局訴請法院判決解散制度，特別清算中的債權協定製度，清算人因違法或惡意對第三人承擔連帶賠償責任制度，司法特別清算制度，清算人的代表性制度，法院消極監督清算制度，帳薄及文件在公司解散后保存法定期限制度等。由於理論研究和立法的不足，造成了我國公司法人退出市場機制的嚴重混亂，損害了債權人和利害關系人的利益，增加了市場主體交易不安全感，破壞了市場經濟秩序和商業道德，浪費了社會資源，削弱了法律的權威性和嚴肅性。文章認為，完善我國公司解散和清算制度，應借鑒和引進發達國家的法學理論和法律制度，統一我國有關解散和清算立法，在基本概念、基本原則、基本制度、基本程序諸方面進行統一規范，填補立法空白，創設法院解散公司制度，廢除行政特別清算制度代之以司法特別清算制度，健全和嚴格違反清算規定的法律責任制度（包括民事責任，刑事責任，行政責任，改變現行行政處罰范圍偏廣，民事賠償范圍偏窄，刑事追究空白太多的不協調狀況） ，從而構築起科學的公司解散和清算制度，使之符合我國經濟生活的客觀需求，符合市場經濟發展的基本方向，並與國外立法通例趨同。Institutional investor is a market part who is developping and extending, with the expanding of it ' s scale, it wil become from shareholder negativism to institutional shareholder activism, however, between the institutional investors, another problem exists, that is, who is responsible for supervision, a cock game model which describes the supervision of institutional investors is used in this chapter to inspect the institutional investors " behaviour mode in the situation of supervising cost and return is not symmetric
機構投資者是一個正在發展和壯大的主體，隨著其規模的擴大，會從早先的股東消極主義發展到股東積極主義，但是，機構投資者之間也存在誰去監督的問題，為此，本章採用了一個機構投資者監督侵權行為的斗雞博弈模型，來考察監督的成本和收益的不對稱情況下的機構投資者行為模式。Inaddition to meet the needs of taiwan b2c market, overseas home appliance department of teco ha division constantly develops the overseas b2b market, such as oem, odm and obm business model. this way, teco will be better prepared to confront emerging global competition and new business opportunities by becoming a wrold - class leading brand. moreover, teco will reserch and develop the digitallized and wireless products
東元電機股份有限公司除了致力於滿足國內b2c消費市場的需求，海外事業推廣部門（ overseashomeappliancedepartment ）更不斷積極拓展b2b市場，舉凡oem 、 odm 、以及obm經營模式，東元電機股份有限公司正朝向世界級領導品牌目標邁進，同時，產品研發將朝數字化、網路化的技術發展，我們期許在未來除了是家電產品供貨商外，也能夠成為家庭網路系統承包商。But these decisions reflect interests and demands of the big stockholders, ignoring the interests of the small stockholders and making the small shareholders fall into a dilemma
從股東喪失股東身份這一角度看，股東退出權具有一定的消極性，但其對股東權益的保護作用是不容忽視的。If only make " vote rules " solve the problem, it probably results in negative things of abusing rights and disobeying the equality between shareholders and is harmful to minority
如果任由資本多數決原則來解決股東間的矛盾，勢必容易產生濫用權利與影響、違背股東平等原則的消極現象，對于處於弱勢地位的中小股東尤為不利。For keeping the interest of shareholder as investor of company, company legislation should control and regulate faith obligation of shareholders to prevent them from abusing controlling right ; intensify faith obligation of directors and managers to offset the negative influence from shareholders general meeting core to directorate core
公司立法為了維護每一位股東作為公司的出資人的利益，就要規范控制股東誠信的義務，以防止其濫用控制權；就要強化董事與經理的誠信義務，以抵消現代公司制度中「股東會中心主義」向「董事會中心主義」轉移后的帶來消極影響。Some suggestions, which are as follows : ( 1 ) to increase the regulations about obligation of attention ; ( 2 ) to regulate the self - dealing effectively ; ( 3 ) to forbid usurping the opportunity the company has got early ; ( 4 ) to increase the obligations of directors " keeping commercial secrets and forbidding to compete with one ' s own company in the same interest in any other companies after ending the bargain, the obligations that directors should fulfill automatically after ending the bargain ; ( 5 ) to consummate the system of company interposition right ; ( 6 ) to establish and consummate the right of litigation of shareholders, were put forward to bring the obligations and liabilities of directors of our company legislation to completion tentatively
我國《公司法》既未規定董事的注意義務，又未規定忠實義務的積極性要求，而對忠實義務的消極性規定則存在較大缺陷。本文提出了完善我國有關董事義務與責任立法的幾點建議，包括： （ 1 ）增加董事注意義務的規定； （ 2 ）系統規定董事「自我交易」規則； （ 3 ）明確禁止篡奪「公司機會」的規定； （ 4 ）增加董事保守商業秘密和競業禁止的后契約義務； （ 5 ）完善公司介入權制度； （ 6 ）確立並完善股東訴權。Rights issues and punier dividends would be bad news for shareholders